Rules Analysis
World Flying Disc Federation 2017 Rules of Ultimate
18. Infractions and Violations

“Travel” Infractions:


A travel infraction occurs if:

The defence should not call travel under section 18.2 unless they have evidence that the player was not trying to stop while in possession of the disc. In particular:

-    a player who catches and throws the disc while entirely in the air does not need to slow down

-    the length of a player's strides should decrease as they slow down

-    a player is not allowed to maintain a constant speed while catching and throwing the disc, unless they catch and throw in the air

-    it should never take a player more than 5 steps to come to a stop

Unless the defence has evidence along those lines, they should not call travel.

Players should also take into consideration that a player may change direction after they have established a pivot – any change of direction after a pivot has been established should not be called a travel.

In some situations, a receiver may need to maintain speed briefly or change direction slightly to avoid contact with a diving defender or to jump over a player on the ground.  This is expected in such situations and should not be considered a travel.

If the travel is caused solely by contact that is initiated by an opponent, this should not be considered a travel.

If play has stopped, the thrower may change the part of their body that they have in contact with the pivot spot. This is not a travel.

the thrower establishes the pivot at an incorrect point on the playing field;

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